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    日本新年號“令和”,妥妥的中華文化

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    熱點知識

    4月1日,日本內閣官房長官菅義偉公布:2019年5月1日起,日本將啟用新年號——“令和”,這是日本的第248個年號。

    公元645年,日本的大中兄皇子仿照唐朝制度,設立第一個年號“大化”。此后1374年間,共247個年號,全部出自中國典籍。

    比如,第一個年號“大化”,出自《易經》:“大化流衍,生生不息,陰陽相動,萬物資生。”

    “明治”取自《易經•說卦傳》“圣人南面聽天下,向明而治”。

    “昭和”取自《書經•堯典》“百姓昭明、萬邦協和”。

    “平成”取自《古文尚書•大禹謨》“內平則外成也,地平則天成也”。

    在中國傳統文化中,年號有著特殊意義。它既是天子執政的時間單位,也是天子權威的標志。

    每一次更換年號都是國家大事。尤其是明清兩代皇帝“一世一號”(一任皇帝一個年號),年號取代了帝號,成了民間稱呼皇帝的一個代指。

    不同的年號代表了不同的時代風貌。比如,“開元”意味著盛世,“乾隆”意味著繁華與風流,而“光緒”就讓人想到衰弱與屈辱。

    作為當今世界上唯一還保留著“年號”的國家,日本顯然已經全盤接受了這一中國傳統文化。

    這一次的新年號“令和”,是日本第一次拋開中國典籍,從自己的古籍中選出的字眼。不過,究其本源,仍然是妥妥的中華文化。

    “令和”,出自日本最早的詩歌總集《萬葉集》卷五《梅花之歌三十二首并序》:“初春令月,氣淑風和。”

    令乃美好之意,“初春令月,氣淑風和。”描繪了一派風和景明的初春氣象,確實是寓意祥和的詩句,從中產生年號確實非常合適。

    《萬葉集》在日本歷史上具有重要地位,大概相當于《詩經》在中國的地位。

    其中的《梅花之歌三十二首并序》,作于天平二年,即公元730年。

    當時的日本還沒有通行的本國文字,只好用漢字作為書寫工具。其中的漢字有不同功能:有的表意,有的標音。其中按原意使用的漢字被看作是真名,而僅僅取其發音的則被稱為假名。

    《梅花歌三十二首并序》中的序文部分,它所用的漢字直接用來表意。而“令和”二字正是出自這篇序言:

    “天平二年正月十三日,萃于帥老之宅,申宴會也,于時,初春令月,氣淑風和,梅披鏡前之粉,蘭薰佩后之香……”

    一篇標準的中國六朝駢文!

    再往前追溯,在日本天平二年的數十年之前,唐代的薛元超《諫蕃官仗內射生疏》就有一句“時惟令月,景淑風和”。

    在更早的東漢時期,張衡的《歸田賦》中也有一句“仲春令月,時和氣清”。 

    可見,所謂“初春令月,氣淑風和。”不僅直接用漢字寫成,而且傳承、化用了中國前朝的詩句,是不是妥妥的中華文化?

    素材入文

    日本歷史上的247個年號,全部出自中國典籍。今年公布的新年號“令和”,雖然出自日本古籍,但其原文“初春令月,氣淑風和。”仍然是無法否認的中華文化。

    我們強調這一點,并不是要妄自尊大地搞文化霸權。多種文化彼此影響、互相交融,這本來就是一種正常的歷史進程。日本學習、借鑒中華文化,并化為己用,本無可厚非。經過多年的消化、吸收,它認為那就是屬于它自己的本族文化,也未為不可。

    我們無意與它爭奪這個名號。

    我們想說的是,這件小事再次證明了一個事實,那就是,中華文化并不遜色于世界上任何一種文化。幾千年來,它不僅滋養了一代代炎黃子孫,而且還深深地影響了周邊異族的文明。

    晚清以來,中國國力衰敗,飽受異邦欺凌。我們不僅在科技、實業方面遠遠落后于西方世界,隨之而來的是,國人對中華文化也產生了懷疑,大家普遍處于文化自卑之中。

    所以,有人言必稱歐美,奉西方國家為圭臬,老覺得“外國的月亮比中國的圓”。

    隨著新中國的成立,尤其是近幾十年來的改革開放,中國經濟發展,國力漸強。中國人的民族自信心逐漸回歸,以前的文化自卑也逐漸被文化自信所替代。

    事實一再證明:我們的民族基因并不比別人差,我們的璀燦文明曾經被異邦學習,甚至傳承至今。只要選擇正確的道路,別人能做到的中國人都能做到,甚至能做得更好。

    一個自信又強大的中國正在崛起,堅信不久的將來,全球一定會再次刮起強勁的中國風。風已經漸漸吹起來,你準備好了嗎?

    作文素材吧 www.baiguoye.com

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